Mitsubishi Colt Mileage Manual
The Dodge Colt was Chrysler's response to the AMC Gremlin, Ford Pinto and Chevrolet Vega but because it was a captive import from Mitsubishi, the Colt competed directly with other Japanese imports, such as the Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic and Datsun 1200.
Early Moparbishi: Dodge Colt / Champ and Plymouth Colt by Sean Cappuccio (appended over time by the Allpar staff and Jay David Schuck) The Dodge Colt was an import from Mitsubishi, which began selling in the last quarter of 1970 (1971 model year) and kept going for over two decades. Plymouth owners waited to get a similar car; in Canada, the British import dubbed Plymouth switched to the Mitsubishi in 1974.
In 1971, Chrysler noted that the Colt had standard front bucket seats with reatable vinyl (except in the coupe); the seats could move forward and backward by five inches, with reclining backs (except in the coupe). Tilt wheel was standard on all models, along with flow-through ventilation. The standard transmission was a four-on-the-floor with all forward gears synchronized; ratios were 3.53, 2.19, 1.44, and 1:1, with a reverse gear of 3.87 to 1. It was made by Mitsubishi and had a 98 cubic inch (1.6 liter) engine producing a respectable 100 horsepower (versus the 198 slant six's 125). The wiper/washer controls were at the end of the turn signal stalk, along with the headlight dimmers.
A single key operated all locks. Station wagons had an antenna that could be locked into the full-down position; radios were optional. The company wrote, “We’re anticipating 60,000 Colts in 1972, nearly twice as many as the 36,000 we marketed in the nine-month period in 1971.by 1975, Dodge expects to be receiving 125,000 Colts.” Changes for 1972 included noise reduction by reducing the drive-shaft diameter, increasing brake efficiency by adding cooling scoops to the front wheel disc brakes, and enlarging rear drum cylinders.
Self-adjusting rear brakes and larger front disc brakes were added for 1972. The following photos are from a modified 1974 Dodge Colt: Jim Benjaminson wrote in the: In 1976, Plymouth's import stable included its long-awaited Mitusbishi product. The Colt had been in Dodge's stable since 1971 when Chrysler answered the sub-compact challenge of Ford's Pinto and Chevy's Vega with captive imports. (Chrysler had purchased financial interest in Mitusbishi in 1971.) Dodge had an instant hit with its Japanese built Colt. Plymouth had gotten the short end of the deal when given the British-built. When the plug was mercifully pulled on the Cricket in 1973, observers assumed Plymouth would get its own version of the Colt.
That's exactly what happened in Canada, but not stateside where Plymouth had to carry on with no subcompact offering. Finally, it was 1976 and Plymouth had its Mitsubishi import. Rather than a version of the Colt, it was another single-body-style offering, a very attractive fastback coupe that offered a more sporting flair than Colt's hardtop. Called the Arrow, it fit in with Plymouth's Barracuda heritage with its roof line and folding rear seat. Chrysler Canada gave the to Dodge dealers and the newly-redesigned Colt to Plymouth dealers. Both were the same car except for the nameplates. From 1973-75 the Cricket nameplate had been shifted to a version of the Colt for Canada's Plymouth dealers.
A bit more than mere 'badge engineering,' it also involved unique grille and taillight trim. In its first year alone, Canada's Japanese Cricket doubled the sales of the British version. But once 1976 arrived, the Cricket name was gone for good. In 1978 Chrysler introduced another captive import, the Dodge Challenger and Plymouth. The 1977 Colt Coupe M/M (“Mileage Maker”), with a 1.6 liter engine and four-speed manual transmission, boasted a whopping 29 city, 45 highway miles per gallon, partly stemming from 200 pounds of weight reduction and nine inches of length reduction.
Standard features all Colts included a trip odometer, carpeting, tinted glass, vinyl front bucket seats, locking gas cap, tilt wheel, power front disc brakes, and an electric rear window defroster. A Mileage Maker sedan was also sold. Air conditioning was standard on all models, using built in ducts. FM radios were optional. Two Colt engines were available, both with Silent Shaft technology (essentially, a vibration-reducing reciprocal mass system), displacing 1.6 and 2.0 liters.
The 2-liter engine was available on Colt Wagon, Carousel, and GT. Transmissions included a four speed manual on Mileage Maker, five speed manual on other models, and a three-speed automatic. Both engines were similar in design; they had hemispherical heads, two-barrel downdraft carburetors (the 3.7 liter slant six got a two-barrel in 1977 for the first time in many years), and a fairly conventional design other than the counter-rotating balance shafts. Four different gear ratios were used, starting with 3.31:1 (coupes with manuals), 3.55:1 (automatics), 3.89:1 (2-liter with manual), and 4.22:1 (1.6 liter with manual). The transmission was a Chrysler design — the TorqueFlite automatic, “Proved in cars over billions of miles on American roads.” The automatic had a console shift with a sporty wide handle. Front brakes were nine inches in diameter; drums were in the back. Steering had a recirculating ball design.
The 1977 Colt GT included a rallye cluster with 8,000-rpm tachometer, fuel and temperature gauge, and woodtone panel. The steering wheel had a lock-to-lock of three and a half turns. Again, the interior included vinyl bucket seats, but the exterior got exclusive side and rear stripes and a blacked out grille; tires were 165 wide radials, wheels were 13 inches. The GT came standard with the 1.6 liter Silent Shaft engine, with the 2.0 being optional. 1977 Coupes 1977 Carousel/GT 1977 Wagon 1980 Hatch 1980 Wagon 1980 Challenger Wheelbase 92.1 95.3 95.3 90.6 99 99 Length 162.6 171.1 172.1 156.9 179.3 183.1 Width 60.4 63.6 62.8 62.4 65.2 65.9 Height 53.5 54.4 55.7 50.6 52.4 51.8 Max track 50.6 51.8 51.8 53.9 53.9 53.9 Headroom (F) 38.8 36.9 38.2 36.8 37.2 36.8 Headroom (R) 36.8 35.5 37.3 36 36.2 35 Legroom (F) 40.0 42.7 42.7 40.6 41.7 41.7 Legroom (R) 30.5 30.5 30.5 29.7 32.3 31.3 Shoulder room 48.8 50.0 50.0 51 52.8 51.2 Hip room 50.2 51.2 51.2 51.6 53.3 52.8 Trunk capacity 6.0 cf 6.0 c.f. 6.5 / 27.4 57.9 10.9 Gas mileage, manual (1.6 liter, Federal) 29/45 Gas mileage, auto 1.6 liter, Federal) 26/35 Weight (lb) 1800 2741 2700 Colt Carousel had a special denim color scheme setting off the two-door hardotp design; a five speed manual, with all forward gears synchronized, had a fuel-saving. Cost Accounting Matz Usry 7th Edition Manual. 85:1 fifth gear, and a “faux wood-free” light blue applique on the instrument panel.
Finally, the 1977 Colt Wagon had a cargo area of 58 cubic feet, with the rear seat folded — around six feet long by three feet wide — with a counterbalanced liftgate that was easy to lift up. The Estate Wagon Package added a clock, sport steering wheel, roof-rail grips, armrests, woodtone trim panels, and carpeting with skid strips in the cargo area. Upholstery was still vinyl; the spare was underneath the car on a swing-away holder. In 1979, the Colt was redesigned and the Champ was introduced. Chrysler also brought out the Mitsubishi-designed and built and Arrow minitrucks that same year.
The Arrow coupe was eliminated after 1980, and the were eliminated after 1982 (the trunk was made deeper in 1982, their final year). The Arrow pickup also disappeared in the early 1980s.
A 4-door hatchback was introduced in 1982 as standard. The prices ranged from $4995 to $5995. For 1982, the fuel tank was made deeper, so it could hold 13 gallons, 10 liters more than the prior design. Liftgate outlets improved airflow, especially in back.
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